To Tell the Truth: Applicant Nondisclosure of Obesity and HIV and Hepatitis C
Applicants’ self-disclosed Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) status as well as body mass index (BMI) are important risk factors for morbidity and mortality in both accelerated and traditional (full) underwriting processes. In combination with self-disclosed smoking and medical history (diabetes, hypertension, heart failure, high cholesterol), which was discussed in a previous issue of Contingencies, these conditions constitute a majority of the leading medical inputs to the risk-assessment process.
Impaired Risk Review: Insurance with HIV
From the initial recognition of HIV virus in 1981, HIV infection has turned from an almost universally fatal infection, to one that could be managed with medication to extend life, to a disease which can be controlled with newer and revolutionary medication therapies. While many companies continue to see the HIV virus as uninsurable, that corner has also been turned, and life insurance in selected cases of treated HIV infection is now possible. Even though the conditions that must be met are numerous and the criteria stringent, applicants with HIV now have the possibility of acceptable insurance offers.
Insuring HIV - Q&A with Dr. Dan Zimmerman
Recently, RGA’s Dr. Dan Zimmerman spoke to the Association of Home Office Underwriters (AHOU) about the history of HIV/AIDS and insurance, and how risk modeling can reasonably conclude that some individuals with HIV can now be candidates for life insurance coverage. We sat down with Dr. Zimmerman to discuss his presentation and the paradigm shift in the availability of life insurance for people with HIV.
HIV Infection: Ageing, Inflammation and Comorbidities (SCOR inFORM)
From the end of the 2000s, after the introduction of the first antiretroviral therapies (ART), it became clear that the benefits of these treatments were considerably greater than their side effects, especially when introduced early. The recommendation at present is to begin treatment with ART as soon as CD4 T-cell count falls below the normal level of 500/mm3.
HIV and Hepatitis C and B Coinfetions
Around 36 million people are living with HIV in the world today (LVWH). 5 million of them are also infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 4 million with hepatitis B virus (HBV). In both cases, HIV and the immunodeficiency it causes, accelerate the progression of hepatitis B or C, inducing increased morbidity and mortality for all three infections.
Aequalis: Leveling the Playing Field for Those Living with HIV
Aequalis' methodology may lend itself to other treatable diseases for which life insurers don't provide coverage.
Underwriting Considerations for Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis against HIV Infection with Truvada
The CDC published HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Guidelines for use of Truvada in 2012 and has championed its use as a way to help prevent HIV infections in populations at high risk for sex-related acquisition of the virus.
Can’t Sell Life Insurance to Clients with HIV? True No More
In December, Prudential Financial began offering 10- and 15-year term life policies to a community that (in the U.S.) had been largely shut out of the life insurance market: people living with HIV. The product rollout stems from an unusual partnership with Aequalis, an independent organization that conducted extensive research into the feasibility of availing the HIV community of life products. LifeHealthPro Senior Editor Warren S. Hersch recently interviewed Mike McFarland, chief underwriting officer of Prudential Individual Life Insurance.
Prudential Offers Life Insurance to HIV Patients
When Prudential saw that people living with HIV were living longer, healthier lives, the company knew it had an untapped market for life insurance underwriting.
An HIV Epidemiological Shift & Changing Paradigms in HIV Care (Hannover Re)
A review of the long-term insurability of HIV infection in resource-rich countries.